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June 7, 2017

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Study Guide

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Western Civilization 2

Western Civilization II: 1648 To The Present covers subject matter taught in the second semester of a two-semester course in Western Civilization. The course encompasses European history from the seventeenth century through the post-Second World War period including political, economic, and cultural developments such as the following:
  • Scientific Thought
  • The Enlightenment
  • The French and Industrial Revolutions
  • Nationalism
  • Imperialism
  • The Russian Revolution
  • The First and Second World Wars
The exam will require you to be able to perform the following tasks:
  • Choose the correct definition of a historical term
  • Select the historical figure whose political viewpoint is described
  • Identify the correct relationship between two historical factors
  • Detect the inaccurate pairing of an individual with a historical event
Topics covered on the exam include:
  • Absolutism and Constitution (1648–1715)
    • The Dutch Republic
    • The English Revolution
    • The France of Louis XIV
    • Formation of Austria and Prussia
    • The “westernization” of Russia

  • Competition For Empire and Economic Expansion
    • Global economy of the eighteenth century
    • Western Europe after Utrecht (1713-1740)
    • Economic and demographic change in the eighteenth century

  • The Scientific View of the World
    • Major figures of the scientific revolution
    • New knowledge of man and society
    • Political theory

  • Period of Enlightenment
    • Enlightenment thought
    • Enlightened despotism
    • Partition of Poland

  • Revolution and Napoleonic Europe
    • The Revolution of France
    • The Revolution and Europe
    • The French Empire
    • Congress of Vienna

  • The Industrial Revolution
    • Agricultural and Industrial Revolution
    • Causes of Revolution
    • Economic and social impact on the working and middle classes
    • British reform movement

  • Political and Cultural Developments (1815-1848)
    • Conservatism
    • Liberalism
    • Nationalism
    • Socialism
    • The Revolutions of 1830 and 1848

  • Politics and Diplomacy in the Age of Nationalism (1850-1914)
    • The unification of Italy and Germany
    • Austria-Hungry
    • Russia
    • France
    • Socialism and labor unions
    • European diplomacy (1871-1900)

  • Economy, Culture, and Imperialism (1850-1914)
    • Demography
    • World economy of the nineteenth century
    • Technological developments
    • Science, philosophy, and the arts
    • Imperialism in Africa and Asia

  • The First World War and the Russian Revolution
    • The causes of the First World War
    • The economic and social impact of the war
    • The peace settlements and its effects
    • The Revolution of 1917

  • Europe Between the Wars
    • The Great Depression
    • International politics (1919-1939)
    • Stalin’s five-year plans and purges
    • Italy and Germany between the wars
    • Interwar cultural developments

  • The Second World War and Contemporary Europe
    • The causes and course of the Second World War
    • Postwar Europe
    • Science, philosophy, the arts, and religion
    • Social and political developments


(Taken from “Western Civilization II: 1648 to the Present,” CLEP Western Civilization II: 1648 to the Present Exam—

The required textbook(s) for the Traditional course are listed below.

  • A History of Western Society: From Absolutism to the Present, Volume 2   
      8th by McKay, John P. / Hill, Bennett D. / Bucker, John - Houghton Mifflin, 2003
    ISBN 9780-618-612819